Thursday, March 12, 2009

Newspapers Gave the Ability For The Public To Achieve Knowledge~

In chapter seven Starr discusses the topic of the diversity in daily journalism. He explains that there are many misleading and or confusing ideas that individuals have on journalism. For instance "information and entertainment produced for a large audience are necessarily less diverse than media produced on a smaller scale" (Starr 251). From 1870 to the first World War he or she would find a greater diversity of expressions regardless of any moral censorship and the rise in the mass public. Like Europe, America cut the cost of print during the antebellum era. This was made possible because of the deliberate public choices and in addition to the efficient means of production and distribution. If an individual had to choose one institution that dominated the public sphere during this time it would be the daily newspaper. The number of daily newspapers increased from 574 to 2,226. By the end of the century the largest newspaper had more than half a million readers. Professor Mattson has stressed that the importance for men and women was to receive and obtain knowledge. The only way that knowledge could be achieved was through reading and being informed about the news. Furthermore, technology also played a major role in cutting the prices for newspapers. This meaning anyone could afford to stay up to date with the news of the world. I believe this is a major reason for the success of our country.By giving the poor the ability to receive knowledge it gives the opportunity to excel and achieve success.


At 9:36 PM, Blogger A. Mattson said...

A good post. You raise a key point, moral censorship did not diminish the amount of news and information circulating in the press, nor did it diminish its growth or profitability.

Yes, increased information for the public has made progress possible. Yes, lowered production costs and technological efficiency made this spread of info possible.

What are Starr's key arguments about the rise of the mass circulation press at the end of the 19th century? The rise of a market society, industrialization, urbanization and mass immigration created new demands, and new audiences for news and information. This is the context in which government policy, technological innovation and publishing entrepreneurship made the mass circulation press flourish.


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